As the popular observation states, “smokers drink and drinkers smoke.” One study found that, over a 12-year period, out of 845 alcoholics observed, about 74 died due to alcohol abuse and 111 died due to smoking-related causes. The NIH estimates that 9 out of 10 alcoholics smoke cigarettes as well, which is three times more than the general population. Additionally, about 70% of alcoholics smoke at least one pack per day (i.e., heavy smokers), a rate which is seven times higher than the population as a whole (10%). One study found that one way of reducing beer consumption by 2% is by increasing cigarette prices by 20%. Additionally, a statewide smoke-free policy would decrease beer consumption by 4% and liquor consumption by 11%.